Sidney Nolan was born in Melbourne on 22 April 1917. He studied intermittently at the NGV School from 1934, and studied engraving and lithography with SW Hayter in Paris in 1957. During the Second World War, Nolan was conscripted into the army and served at Dimboola, Victoria. During this time he produced a series of naïve sophisticate pictures based on child art and primitive art. In 1946 he began a series of paintings on the theme of he bush ranger Ned Kelly, and later painted personal interpretations of historical and legendary figures such as Eliza Fraser and Burke and Wills, in which he expressed the feeling of the country and the timelessness of the myths. He also painted a series of works portraying Central Australia. From 1950 Nolan lived mainly in Britain and became Australia’s most internationally celebrated painter. He also designed sets for ballet and opera and provided illustrations for books.